Skincare is an entirely personal experience that varies from individual to individual. Commercial products manufactured for the masses may not work for everyone as every person’s skin requires a different approach and level of care. Several criteria have been identified to determine skin type yet the most widely accepted method today is cosmetic analysis which classifies skin type based on a variety of factors that contribute to skin balance like sebaceous secretions, hydration, sensitivity, and underlying genetics. Based on these characteristics, there are four skin types: oily, dry, combination, and sensitive. Though not included in these classical types, we define ‘mature skin’ as an inevitable category which is defined by a universal experience: ageing.
Oily skin has a porous and shiny appearance owing to oil residues on the skin surface that also tend to be responsible for acne, pimples, and blemishes. These are a direct result of excess sebum/oil production by sebaceous glands under the skin (epidermis), that are either stimulated by hormonal changes or genetic factors to produce larger quantities of sebum. The oil produced flows from inside the epidermis to the surface through pores and hair follicle openings giving the skin an unnecessary sheen.
When it comes to managing oily skin, most of us rush to buy chemical exfoliators that promise to strip the skin bare of any oils. They contain ingredients like benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid that excessively dry the skin which, in turn, reacts by producing more oil to counter the dryness – not the solution you were hoping for. Nor is wanting to completely remove any trace of oil on your skin. We are looking for control, not eradication.
Exfoliation is a must for oily skin as the consistent presence of oil clogs pores and causes acne blemishes. However, extreme and harsh exfoliation is not at all recommended. Moreover, the popular belief that oily skin types do not need moisturizing is a false myth. Moisturizing for oily skin types is equally important as for dry skin. The key is smart moisturizing that neither blocks pores nor makes the skin too greasy.
The best solution is to use water-based serums or mists that quickly dry yet are efficient. If you struggle with excessively oily skin, you should try YellowBerry's Aloe Ha! Face Mist, which contains soothing natural ingredients like aloe vera, chamomile, and lavender that soothe and balance skin moisture, while ingredients, like Niacinamide and Vitamin B5, stimulate skin regeneration that helps reduce spots and blemishes.
Dry skin can be identified by a flaky or rough surface that has an uneven texture. People suffering from dry skin usually experience skin tightness and premature wrinkling. These symptoms are mostly attributed to a lack of moisture. Yet dry skin is usually a result of inadequate sebum production – which protects skin and retains its moisture. The absence of production is due to genetics or external factors like weather conditions or frequent hot water baths.
To best remedy for dry skin types, use moisturizers that act like sebum/oil to keep the skin's moisture intact. Avoid using harsh cleansers or chemical exfoliants as they cause excessive dryness. A natural cleanser like YellowBerry's You Goat This! Handmade Soap forms an ideal remedy for dry skin types as it replenishes the skin, keeping it supple. The handmade soap contains goat milk and green tea extracts that nourish and moisturize the skin to maintain its moisture balance. For extremely dry skin, follow a supplementary regime that accompanies a quality moisturizer (like YellowBerry’s Face The Facts) with a hydrating serum or mist, such as YellowBerry’s Rosita Face Mist for long-lasting skin protection and maintenance.
Combination skin is slightly tricky as it fosters the characteristics of two or more skin types. Typically, combination skin can be described through an oily T-zone – which includes the forehead, nose, and chin – with the cheek areas appearing dry and sensitive. Pimples or breakouts usually occupy the T-zone as well. This is the most common skin type that manifests as a result of the uneven distribution of sebaceous and sweat glands. Since combination skin types have both oily and dry skin, their skincare routine needs to be carefully sought so that it neither dries the skin nor makes it too greasy.
It is best for people with a combination skin type to stick to natural and mild ingredients, as chemical or fragrance-based products cause damage. It is important to exfoliate without irritating the skin and moisturize without stimulating excess oil production on the skin, to keep the skin in a balanced state. YellowBerry's natural Profound Probiotic Facial Serum is a vital product for combination skin types as it promotes symbiotic skincare through prebiotic and probiotic ingredients that protect and balances the skin's natural ecosystem, keeping the skin moisturized and well-nourished.
Sensitive skin is characterized by oily, dry, or combination skin types accompanied by irritated skin, redness, and inflammation. In most cases, there is an underlying cause behind the sensitivity, such as a skin condition like Rosacea or an allergic reaction. Using cosmetic products containing chemicals, such as benzoyl peroxide, on sensitive skin can make these symptoms worsen by causing even more inflammation. Hence, mild products and gentle exfoliation is recommended. It is also highly recommended that sensitive skin types go through patch testing, such as applying the product on their arm, to determine which ingredients and products are compatible with their skin’s sensitivities and which do not.
As sensitive skin types are more prone to react badly with chemical cleansers, it is best to switch to a minimum and natural skincare regime, incorporating mild cleansers and moisturizers. YellowBerry's Raw Organic Shea Butter is an essential product for sensitive skin types, offering soothing, nourishing, and moisturizing benefits, all in one! Even better, owing to its natural sourcing and homegrown production, it causes none of the adverse side effects that are inevitable with commercial chemical products.
Mature skin accounts for ageing skin that appears to be wrinkly, dry, thin, and non-elastic. With time and without proper care, skin cells become weak with decreased cellular metabolism and new cell regeneration. Furthermore, your sebaceous glands are not able to produce sebum to protect and preserve skin moisture. Skin ageing is a natural process that begins to manifest in your late 30s, owing to a combination of factors that are related to hormones, genetics, and environmental predisposition. It is not possible to escape the signs of ageing – it would be foolish to pretend otherwise, despite what big-brand cosmetic ad campaigns claim. However, as with physical health, one can choose to slow down the process of ageing and maintain balance by healthy practices, good diet, regular exercise and early anti-ageing care.
Anti-ageing skin care must include mild cleansing, protection from the sun, regular moisturising, and healthy eating with a good amount of water intake.
Mild cleansing with natural cleansers and gentle exfoliation is recommended. Sun protection is vital because photodamage causes the skin to age. Therefore, using products with antioxidants helps prevent this type of damage. We cannot stress enough the importance of moisturizing for mature skin - a moisturizer that nourishes, protects, and maintains the moisture balance of your skin. Try YellowBerry's Honey, I'm Comb! Facial Masque, made with raw honey which is rich in antioxidants and vitamins. A gentle and restorative cleanser and moisturizer for aging skin, it can aid in maintaining the health and glow of your skin as you age.
Skincare, in a fast-paced, over-polluted world requires attention. However, with just a little effort, your skin can improve heaps if given the right care.
We hope this blog helped you identify your skin type and, moreover. pointed out how easy it is to protect all kinds of types. Take good care of your skin; it deserves all your love and attention!